SAP, SAP ISU, SAP Technical, Uncategorized

SAP IS-U Price Transport Control

Most of you working on SAP IS-U project as billing consultant knows the fact that managing and transporting Billing Master Data is a bit tricky.
There are standard tools provided by SAP to move these efficiently across Development -> Quality -> Production, few of them are below:
EA_TRANSPORT – Complete Transport
EA_DOWNLOAD – Download Selective Master Data
EA_UPLOAD – Upload Selective Master Data
Where from the source system you execute Complete Transport which will ask for a new Request and this will be used to move to target system.
Again under EA_TRANSPORT (or EQ82) there is an option to include the Price and Discount changes as well. There are Price-only transports like EPRICE_UPLOAD, REA_PRICE_DOWNLOAD, REA_PRICE_UPLOAD available which can also be referred.
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HELP !! Required : Blogging via Word 2013 Error

I have been trying to connect blogger.com with word 2013 but unfortunately I am unsuccessful I have tried the follwoing methods. Finally I am out of luck.please let me know if any one can help me on this.

image

1. deactivated 2 step Google authetication.

2.Generated app specific password.

3. added another google id in the author tab of Blogger.

4.Microsoft update pack KB2850060 it was already installed in my Word 2013 pack.

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To remove SkyDrive from the File Explorer’s sidebar

 

  • Press Win+R and type regedit to open up the Registry Editor
  • Navigate to the HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\ {8E74D236-7F35-4720-B138-1FED0B85EA75}\ShellFolderregistry key.
  • Right-click on ShellFolder and head to Permissions. Click Advanced.
  • Under “Owner” near the top, click Change. Change the owner to your user and press OK. Check the “Replace owner on subcontainers and objects” box as well as the “Replace all child object permissions with inheritable permissions from this subject” box near the bottom. Press OK.
  • Back in the original Permissions box, click on your user if it exists (otherwise, click Add and add your user). Check the “Full Control” box under your user and press OK.
  • Now, back in the Registry editor, you should have permission to edit this registry key. Double-click the Attributes key in ShellFolderand set its value to 0.
  • Restart your computer. When you open File Explorer, the SkyDrive entry should be gone from the list.
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THE SPEAKING TREE :All That’s Going Right with Me

 All of us complain at one time or another. But, there are some people who complain, regardless. Complaining is a way of life with them; they cannot stop cribbing, wherever they are, whatever they are doing, or whatever is happening to them, they keep on complaining! The traffic is too bad; the telephone lines are congested; the weather is too hot or too cold; people are rude or indifferent; servants are lazy and inefficient; the subordinates are insubordinate! Here’s more: Nobody understands me, nobody appreciates me; nobody knows what I’m going through; nobody cares; nobody helps.
    Those who complain constantly do not wish to take responsibility for themselves and their actions. Ask them why their goals are not accomplished, and they will come up with excuses. Their energy and intellect are so focussed on finding fault that they cannot focus on achieving their goals. How tedious and futile their constant complaints are! They have effectively undermined their own power and efficiency; they retain control only by constant complaining.
    Let’s stop focussing on all that is wrong and focus instead on all that’s right; let’s stop cribbing about what we don’t have and look instead at what’s there for us; let’s take the time to appreciate people for what they are and what they can do, instead of focussing on their defects. When we complain and criticise constantly, we are inviting negativity into our lives. Each time we utter something negative about life, we actually begin to believe it more and more, and make it come true. Our imagined ills become our reality. But the reverse is also true. When we believe things are good, they become better. When we visualise success and talk about all that is positive, success actually begins to take shape for us.
    When you thank God or another, your heart expands. This strengthens the immune system. Medical research indicates that positive emotions like love and gratitude enhance the immune system, the body’s shield against disease and illness. Our mental attitude has a direct bearing on the immune system. Positive feelings of gratitude and joy release endorphins into the bloodstream, the body’s natural pain-killers. They are said to stimulate dilation of blood vessels and relax the cardiac muscles. You become strong.
    However, negative emotions such as anger, grief and bitterness dump high levels of adrenaline in the blood, constricting blood to the heart; it slows down movement of white blood cells which fight disease.
    Gratitude releases happy hormones and inhibits ‘unhappy’ hormones in our system so we can live longer and healthier lives.
    When you focus on gratitude, you focus on all that is good and positive in your life that emanate from God. You connect with a spiritual dynamo.
    As a young man, Norman Vincent Peale had a difficult time coping with tough problems in his life. He took his problems to a trusted friend, and asked, ”Why can’t I cope with these problems?”
The friend suggested, ”Maybe it’s because you are not grateful enough.” Peale was perplexed. What did he mean? The older friend explained the law of life: focus on your troubles and they will multiply; count your blessings and your life will grow more and more joyous. ”Become less of a complainer and more of a thanks giver. Then your problems will get managed.” “In some unfathomable way,” Peale writes, “the acknowledgment of past blessings seems to be the activation of new blessings.” So why not invite good things into your life?

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Monetary and Fiscal Policy

Monetary and Fiscal Policy

After the depression, the philosophy that the government had little to monitor and control the economy changed radically. Today we all have come to understand that one of the federal government’s most important roles is regulating and ensuring the stability of the economy. The government has two major ways of doing this. The government can enact fiscal policy changes or they can enact monetary policy changes.

Fiscal Policy – The power of the federal government to tax and spend in order to achieve its goals for the economy.

Monetary Policy – Programs that try to increase or decrease the nations level of business by regulating the supply of money and credit.

What both of these policy options have as a goal is increasing and decreasing the level of business activity. It is most always preferable to have a productive growing economy but an economy can also be too productive. In that case the government may enact policies to slow down the economy.

In order to understand the functioning of these two policies we must again revisit the concept of inflation. Remember, inflation is when the value of money goes down. This means that it costs more money to buy products. Think of the economy in terms of supply and demand; the more money there is out there being spent, the less the money is worth. The supply is high, thus the value is comparatively lower. What this also means is that people are spending, and this is good. So what we have to do is find the proper balance between a healthy amount of spending and money in circulation and an acceptable level of inflation. Economists have placed “healthy” inflation ant 2 – 3%. This shows spending growth and expansion, any more and we begin to worry.

Fiscal Policy Actions

Taxes

Fiscal Policies include raising or lowering of taxes. If we raise taxes we are taking money out of circulation. When one considers the impact of taxes one must look at the sector of society being impacted by the tax hike. Does it impact on the middle class, working class or upper class? There are differing philosophies on who should shoulder the tax burden. Some feel it should be the wealthy while other look to the middle class. The reality is that the middle class pay the largest amount of taxes overall. Raising taxes to the middle class will limit consumer spending so if you are going to do that you had better have a good reason. Clearly raising taxes will slow down spending, economic growth as well as inflation.

The question then comes to tax cuts. You must again ask the same questions. Who do you want to cut taxes too? Who do you want to encourage spending? Again, recent economic history proves that cutting taxes to the middle class is the only effective way to encourage growth and spending.

Spending Programs

The granddaddy of all fiscal policy spending programs was FDR’s new deal. Knowledge of the New Deal is essential to understand the importance of government spending, as well as its shortfalls. Spending programs pump money into an economy and increase spending and growth. They also have the potential impact of increasing inflation as more money circulates in the economy.

Again, when determining what spending programs to initiate depends on where you want the impact to be. If you build highways you will create jobs for the working class, same with housing projects, etc. These types of jobs employ many workers

Spending cuts have the same impact. If you cut homeless shelter there are people out on the streets. From en economic impact perspective that may not seem like much but now you have a human interest issue. If you close military bases you may well shut down the town that thrives off of the existence of the base. Some bases employ up to an over 20,000 townspeople with no other viable means of support. You have to consider the impact and the location of the base. When the federal government cut funding for the F-14 Tomcat Fighter built by Grumman on Long Island it had a terrible impact on the Long Island economy as those highly technical workers sought to find jobs. Since Long Island is a wealthy suburb of New York City, however, those workers were more likely to find work then if the factory had been located in a more rural area.

Monetary Policy

The RBI has several policies they can take through the Board of Governors and the Open Market Committee. The powers of monetary policy often have immediate and forceful impact so what it does is closely watched. Entire businesses exist just to watch the Reserve Bank of India.  I wouldn’t be surprised is some economists and investors consulted psychics to try to gain an advantage.

The RBI’s basic monetary policy tools are:

·        Reserve Requirements

·        Discount Rate

·        Open Market Operations

·        Printing Money

Each policy has one basic goal, impact the money supply. All of these policy actions work using the laws of supply and demand. The more money in circulation, the more spending there is and the higher inflation is. The less money there is in circulation, the less spending there is, inflation decreases. Those policies that restrict the money supply are known as “tight” and those that put more money into circulation are known as “loose.” Let’s examine each of the policy actions and their possible results.

Change in Reserve Requirements

The RBI Reserve System has the power to set an amount, or percentage, of deposits that its member banks must keep in reserve at the RBI. If the fed raises its reserve requirements then banks have less money on hand and thus have less to lend. This lowers the amount of money in circulation and could have the impact of slowing the economy and inflation. Conversely if the fed lowers the reserve requirement, banks have more money on hand, more to lend and more money goes into circulation, thus increasing spending and possibly inflation.

Changing the Discount Rate

One of the most important and publicly watched RBI actions, the discount rate is interest rate that the RBI charges banks on money the banks borrow from the RBI. Member banks borrow money from the RBI to pay out loans and other investments but they must pay a fee, the discount rate. The reason this can be done is because the RBI acts as the central bank and makes loans to other depository institutions. These institutions may borrow money from the RBI because they either have an unexpected drop in their member bank reserves or because they are faced with seasonal demands for loans. The discount window is a teller’s window at the RBI that depository institutions use to borrow member bank reserves. For a bank to obtain a loan, it must agree on the terms of the loan in advance. Next, the depository institution delivers collateral to the window. Then the loan is granted and appears as an increase in the institution’s member account. Currently the RBI charges 5.3% and the banks charge 8.5%-10%. The Prime Lending Rate is lowest rates banks are allowed to charge their customers. The Prime, as of December 31 is 8.5%.

If the RBI lowers the discount rate, banks are charged less for the money they borrow and thus more people borrow. This increases the amount of money in circulation, speeds up the economy and increases inflation. Conversely, if the RBI raises the discount rate this lowers the amount of money in circulation because fewer loans are expended as the Prime goes up. This slows the economy and lowers inflation.

Open Market Operations

Open Market Operations are the RBI’s power to buy and sell government securities like T-Bills. The RBI uses Open Market Operations more than any other tool to regulate the economy. Most people do not pay attention to this less public action but it is very effective.

If the RBI buys back bonds it is putting money into circulation because the money is going from the government to the people. So if the government buys bonds it increases inflation. Selling bonds restricts the money supply. If we do this we can lower inflation rates.

Printing of Money

The simplest and clearest of all the RBI’s operations. The government does not, as a matter of sound economic policy, print money or destroy money in order to effect changes in the economy. The power, however to do so, does exist. If the government prints money it increases the amount in circulation and if it destroys money it restricts the amount in circulation. This has a corresponding effect on inflation.

Example

To illustrate the possible negative effects of just printing more money to counter deflation consider the case of the Weimar Republic in Germany during the Depression. To counter deflation and pay off reparations debts owed to France, Germany began to overprint money. This action caused hyperinflation. Germans saw the value of the Mark plummet as prices skyrocketed. Shoppers literally carried money in wheelbarrows. It was worthless.

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Fiscal Deficit: Explanation

Definition 1: When a government’s total expenditures exceed the revenue that it generates (excluding money from borrowings). Deficit differs from debt, which is an accumulation of yearly deficits.  

Definition 2:A fiscal deficit is regarded by some as a positive economic event. For example, economist John Maynard Keynes believed that deficits help countries climb out of economic recession. On the other hand, fiscal conservatives feel that governments should avoid deficits in favour of a balanced budget policy.

Explanation:

We’ve all heard about it and we’ve all read articles that worry about a large fiscal deficit, whether in India or in the United States. But the question is what the problem with a big fiscal deficit is? Indeed, what is it to begin with? Every year, the Government puts out a plan for its income and expenditure for the coming year. This is, of course, the annual Union Budget. A budget is said to have a fiscal deficit when the Government’s expenditure exceeds its income. When this happens, the Government needs additional funds. Now there are two ways for the Government to arrange these funds. The first is, of course, to borrow. The Government can borrow either from the citizens themselves or from other countries or organisations like the World Bank or the IMF. The money borrowed by a nation’s Government is called public debt. As on any other debt, the Government promises to pay a certain rate of

Interest. To pay this interest in the future, the Government has three options:

1. Increase the amount of taxes collected by increasing the tax rates;

2. Help stimulate economic growth so that tax collection automatically increases with it; or

3. Print new currency notes to pay back the debt – also called debt monetization.

We can all agree that the first option is not desirable. That leaves the second and third options. While the second option sounds like the best one, it is easier said than done. We will see presently why the third option is dangerous and can act like an unfair and invisible tax on the people of a country. To do so, we will begin with a very simple model of a national economy.

Suppose that there is only one commodity that everyone needs to buy in order to live a good life – say wheat. Also, assume that our country produces ten thousand quintals of wheat every year. There are a total of twenty-five thousand people in the country who spend Rs. 400 each per year to buy wheat. Thus total amount of money spent to buy wheat is Rs. 1 crore. Since this Rs. 1 crore is spent to purchase 10,000 quintals of wheat, the cost of wheat is Rs. 1,000 per quintal. Now suppose that to repay some of its debt, the Government decides to print some new currency notes. Say the Government prints new notes worth Rs. 10 lacs. This means the amount of money available to spend increases from Rs. 1 crore to Rs. 1.1 crores. Since the amount of wheat produced hasn’t increased, each tonne of wheat now Costs Rs. 1,100, a 10% increase! (1.1 crores paid for ten thousand quintals = Rs. 1,100 per quintal). So we have just seen that the effect of debt monetization is inflation, which acts like an invisible tax on all the people of a country. So does that mean that fiscal deficits are evil? Well, not necessarily. If the money that the Government had borrowed was used to increase the amount of wheat production, then the inflation could have been avoided. To see how, we assume that the Government used the borrowed money to improve the irrigation facilities in the country. Also suppose that this programme led to an increase in wheat production From 10,000 quintals to 11,000 quintals. In that case, even with an increase of money to 1.1 cores, the cost of wheat would remain steady at Rs. 1,000 per quintal. Thus we’d have economic growth and also avoid inflation. Everybody would be better off. Clearly then, it was a good thing that the Government borrowed money to implement this programme. It is thus clear that a fiscal deficit is not necessarily a bad thing. However, a large and persistent fiscal deficit can be an indication of several worrying signs in the economy. It can mean that the Government is spending money on unproductive programmes which do not increase economic productivity. It can also mean that the tax collection machinery is not effective so that a significant proportion of people get away without paying their due taxes. In any case, a large fiscal deficit significantly increases the chances of inflation in the economy which is an invisible tax on every citizen. In extreme conditions, inflation can give way to hyper inflation that can completely destroy a country. In milder forms, high inflation and a large fiscal deficit lead to a weaker national currency (imports become expensive) and reduce the creditworthiness of the country.

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About SAP Consultant in India

Why SAP ?

 SAP (Systems Applications and Products) is the world’s leading provider of business software which specializes in industry specific Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) solutions.

 SAP is implemented in 9 out of every 10 Fortune 500 company. SAP consultants enjoy a premium remuneration over their  IT counterparts working in other technologies like Java, .net etc.

SAP Career

Functional Consulting/ Business Analysts: Functional consulting is a role offered to majority of the students across b-schools. Functional consulting is based on a technology platform such as Oracle, SAP. The functional consultants are given training on a particular module such as SAP –Material Management Module and together with business knowledge due to MBA, their main jobs become understanding and analyzing business requirements of the client for that module and transforming it in a manner where technical consultants can create technical solutions for those requirements and implement them.

Sales and Presales Consulting: Sales and presales role is just like any other industry where analyzing market scenario, identifying prospective customers, cold calling, bid management are some of the functions which are performed by MBAs. Typically, people start off with Sales Support and Pre-Sales activities and as they gain experience, they are given more chances in sales management itself.

SAP Functional Consultants

Functional consultants are responsible for designing the SAP implementation solution based on the unique requirements of your company. In other words the functional consultants are business process experts and are non-technical. Functional consultants normally use their process knowledge to calculate the impact of the SAP implementation on the company’s processes. Functional consultants are thus concerned with SAP functions and processes that will generate the data and output for business.

Skills required in becoming a SAP Functional Consultant

The skills expected of a SAP Functional consultant vary with experience. But a fresher SAP consultant must have following skills that almost all employers look for –

·        Extensive SAP (module specific) knowledge.

·        Good Domain (Banking , Telecommunication etc ) knowledge

·        Good Communication and presentation skills. SAP consultants are often required to interface with the client and understand client’s requirements. A SAP consultant should be good in explaining technical information to non-technical people

·        Ability to work in Teams and good interpersonal skills.

Types of SAP Consultant

 1) Business/Sales consultant – They try to win projects at customer end – without knowing much about SAP

 2) SAP Functional Consultant – The are responsible for customizing SAP as per customer demand. They talk with developers to code custom ABAP programs as per client requirements.

 3) Developer consultant – They are responsible for coding ABAP/Java Programs

 4) SAP Basis consultant – They help in installing , maintenance and performance tuning of SAP servers and databases

 Above are the major consulting roles found in almost all SAP projects. Depending on the nature and size of project there may be other consulting roles as well such as SAP security consultant, SAP Techno-functional consultants etc.

Remuneration

The salary of an fresher  SAP consultant in USA is from $48,000 to $60,000 and the bonuses are from $1,000 to $2,000.The salary of an fresher  SAP consultant in India is from RS 247,000 to RS 4,50,000 and the bonuses are from RS 10,000 to RS 15,000.MNC  tend to hire them from B School and give them module training.Pay package is Around TCS 7 lakh/yr and Infosys is some where around 8.2 lakh/yr and CTS is 8+ (depending on the capabilities).

What is the bottom line to becoming an SAP consultant?

1. Obtain hands-on SAP implementation experience, preferably on multiple projects.
2. Gain experience with SAP implementation methodologies and solving customer problems.
3. Bring together SAP implementation and enterprise consulting skills into one skill set.

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SAP Consultant In India

What are the differences between a Functional Consultant and Business Consultant?

 The difference between Functional consultant and Business consultant are as follows:

1) A functional consultant is able to configure the system unlike business consultant.

2) Functional consultant knows more about business process unlike Business consultant.

3) A business consultant will bring business process knowledge and provide it to functional consultant who in turn used this knowledge to configure the system.  

4) Functional consultant has more configuration knowledge then Business consultant.        
           
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Role of a SAP Support Consultant:

 – Primarily responsible for Handling tickets and application support to the end-users

– When an issue comes diagnose, analyse and solve the issue

– Responsible for any enhancements

– Writing functional specs and interacting with Abapers to develop any user exits  

– Training the end users and preparing end user training material                
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Role of a SAP Functional Consultant:  

A functional consultant evaluates the demands in talking with the customer’s representatives, transforms the essence into an abstract and algorithmic business model. Hence, he identifies the use cases and transforms them into logical and technical views.  

·        then the main task starts: customizing the respective business area and making sure the system reacts in the manner according to the constraints of the requested use case.  

·        the consultant documents the settings and prepares proper guidelines that allow other consultants to do further changes or repairs with due efforts.  

·        The consultant takes care that proper training is given to the users and that the system is usable, performing appropriately and the business flow is complete and correct.  

·        during go live he assists the technical staff by testing the behaviour of the system.  

·        after go live he guarantees that the procedures remain usable and consistent in real live situation and proposes enhancements.  

·        The main duty of a consultant is to transfer external know-how to the client. It is not manpower that counts but intelligence, understanding of processes, a feeling for defects and general a common sense.  

Additional Information

Functional Consulting/ Business Analysts: Functional consulting is a role offered to majority of the students across b-schools. Functional consulting is based on a technology platform such as Oracle, SAP. The functional consultants are given training on a particular module such as SAP –Material Management Module and together with business knowledge due to MBA, their main jobs become understanding and analyzing business requirements of the client for that module and transforming it in a manner where technical consultants can create technical solutions for those requirements and implement them.

Sales and Presales Consulting: Sales and presales role is just like any other industry where analyzing market scenario, identifying prospective customers, cold calling, bid management are some of the functions which are performed by MBAs. Typically, people start off with Sales Support and Pre-Sales activities and as they gain experience, they are given more chances in sales management itself.

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5 Phases of ASAP methodology in SAP Implementation

Phase 1: Project Preparation – The purpose of this phase is to provide initial planning and preparation for your SAP project.

Phase 2: Business Blueprint – The purpose of this phase is to achieve a common understanding of how the company intends to run its business within the SAP System. The result is the Business Blueprint, a detailed documentation of the results gathered during requirements workshops. The Business Blueprint document represents the business process requirements of the company. It is the agreed statement of how the company intends to run its business within the SAP System.

Phase 3: Realization – The purpose of this phase is to implement all the business process requirements based on the Business Blueprint. The system configuration methodology is provided in two work packages: Baseline (major scope); and Final configuration (remaining scope).

Phase 4: Final Preparation – The purpose of this phase is to complete the final preparation (including testing, end user training, system management and cutover activities) to finalize your readiness to go live. The Final Preparation phase also serves to resolve all critical open issues. On successful completion of this phase, you are ready to run your business in your live SAP System.

Phase 5: Go Live and Support – The purpose of this phase is to move from a project-oriented, pre-production environment to live production operation.
Additionally:

Some additional Information on ASAP methodology:

Phase 1 – Project Preparation
Change Charter – Goals and objectives of Organizational Changen Management
Project Plan – This is a first cut focusing on milestones andn Work Packages; details to come.
Scope – Sets the initial definition of then project; input from sales cycle.
Project Team Organization – Sets the whon of the project: Standards and Procedures – Sets the why and how of the project.


Phase 2 – Business Blueprint – Requirements reviewed for each SAP Reference Structure item and defined using CI Templates (in the Q and Adb). Business Blueprint – This is the output of the Q and Adb and is the key document for Phase 3.


Phase 3 – Realization – Master Lists – Define business scenarios and R/3 transactions to be realized in the system. BPP – Business Process Procedures representing R/3 transactions; used for unit testing and documentation. Planning – Defines how the configuration will be done and how it will be tested. Development Programs – Provides details of the external programming requirements. EU Training Material – End User training material and process documentation.


Phase 4 – Final Preparation Stress and Volume Tests – Plans for confirming the production hardware’s capabilities
Cutover Plan – The details of how to move to the production environment and go live
Conduct End User Training – Delivery of the necessary levels of R/3 End User training prior to going live


Phase 5 – Go Live and Support: Ensuring system performance through SAP monitoring and feedback.

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SAP Functional Consultant Role

Role of a SAP Functional Consultant

·        A functional consultant evaluates the demands in talking with the customer’s representatives, transforms the essence into an abstract and algorithmic business model. Hence, he identifies the use cases and transforms them into logical and technical views.

·        Then the main task starts: customizing the respective business area and making sure the system reacts in the manner according to the constraints of the requested use case.

·        The consultant documents the settings and prepares proper guidelines that allow other consultants to do further changes or repairs with due efforts.

·        The consultant takes care that proper training is given to the users and that the system is usable, performing appropriately and the business flow is complete and correct.

·        During go live he assists the technical staff by testing the behaviour of the system.

·        After go live he guarantees that the procedures remain usable and consistent in real live situation and proposes enhancements.

·        The main duty of a consultant is to transfer external know-how to the client. It is not manpower that counts but intelligence, understanding of processes, a feeling for defects and general a common sense.

Role of a SAP Functional Consultant in an End To End Implementation

When you talk about the role of a Functional consultant in an end to end implementation, I think it won’t be possible for me or anybody to define everything but I will try to summarize it:

1. Functional consultant is expected to generate knowledge about the current business process, design current business flows, study current business processes and its complication, in all we can say getting through with current business setup. Flow diagrams and DFD are prepared, most of the time in Vision format, all this forms the part of AS IS document.

2. Everything configured has to be documented as per their categories in the form of predefined templates, these have to be then approved by the team leads or who ever the consultant is reporting to.

3. Mapping and GAP analysis is done for each module, I have seen people defining integration after mapping, gap analysis and configuration is done, but as per my experience in implementation, it is a simultaneous process.

4. Before starting configuring  future business processes in SAP, the DFD/ERD are prepared, this documentation is called TO BE, which can be also siad as the result of mapping and gap analysis.

5. Sometimes Functional consultants are also expected to prepare test scripts for testing the configured scenarios.

6. End user manual and user training is also expected from F.Consultants.

The project normally starts off  with a Kick off meeting in which the team size, team members, reporting system, responsibilities, duties, methodlogy, dates and schedules, working hours which have been predicided are formally defined.

ASAP, it won’t be possible for me to explain it here, but all I can tell you about it is that it is SAP standard implementation methodology, which SAP prescribes but is not mandatory for any company to follow, but recommended to follow the same.

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